West Papua Background

a database for journalists

Sukarno

From Encyclopaedia Britannica

Sukarno, also spelled Soekarno (born June 6, 1901, Surabaja [now Surabaya],
Java, Dutch East Indies—died June 21, 1970, Jakarta, Indonesia), leader of the
Indonesian independence movement and Indonesia’s first president (1949–66),
who suppressed the country’s original parliamentary system in favour of an
authoritarian “Guided Democracy” and who attempted to balance the Communists
against the army leaders. He was deposed in 1966 by the army under Suharto.

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